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A Free Culture


While copyrights were originally designed to balance the rights of an author and those of human society that surrounds it, to feed him without preventing others to take inspiration, the observation has been established that this balance is now broken: copyright now serve technical intermediaries between the author and his audience at the expense of the two.

However, it is still possible to restore this balance.

Version ratified on November 2, 2011. Translated from French on July 15, 2014. Sommaire. Source. Top.

What is a Free Culture?

Or prior to that what is called culture, here? In the spirit of this manifesto, culture is all tangible element (work, objects, actions, talk…) or conventional element (knowledge, beliefs, opinions, values…) which are constitutive of an individual or a set of individuals. This includes among others the social, political and economic context within which an individual or group of individuals evolves.

A culture can be qualified as free (as in freedom) if it ensures that all individuals involved in said culture can enjoy and enrich freely, respecting democratic values.

This being said, a free culture therefore respect a number of values ​​and practices, including: free speech, respect for privacy, given to individuals control, sharing, coopetition (cooperation of two sets also competitors), practice of democracy, free dissemination of knowledge, self-education, etc.


Why a Free Culture?

Because it enables a more democratic human society. Indeed, the various projects involved in the development of this culture shows us that it enables more equal societies, where individuals take more into account their peers and help each other…


What is a Free Work?

A free cultural work is a cultural work belonging and participating in the development of a free culture. This is part of a rebalancing of the regime of intellectual property on the one hand, and on the other the establishment of new methods of creation, production or publication facilitating the work of the author without taking responsibilities away but enabling a stronger and more direct interaction between author and audience.

Specifically, copyright, which are by no means denied, should be accompanied by a free license, i.e. whose contract guarantees users of a work the following four freedoms:

  1. Freedom to access the work and use it, without discrimination nor against any user or group of users, nor against any scope,
  2. Freedom to study the work,
  3. Freedom to publish or republish the work, free of charge or in return for payment,
  4. Freedom to modify the work and to publish the derivative work, provided that the changes are identified as such.

Such a license contract may contain a limitation clause indicating that the publication or republication of the work, whether or not modified, must be under the same license than originally chosen by the author or maybe under another license known compliant.

In addition, to ensure the sustainability of the freedoms granted by the license agreement, a free work must be transmitted in an editable format or be accompanied by (and failing that, to refer to) resources that led to its development, resources that must then be placed under the same license agreement that the work itself.


Why a Free Work?

A cultural work, especially artistic, actively participates in the evolution of culture and society as a whole. Based on this principle, and knowing that a free culture is beneficial, when an author chose to free his works, he opts for the future of a more democratic, diverse, and human world.




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